It is the third largest university in the United Kingdom by total enrolment and the largest by postgraduate enrolment. Established in as London University by founders inspired by the radical ideas of Jeremy BenthamUCL was the first university institution to be established in London, and the first in England to be entirely secular London full sex to admit students regardless of their religion.
UCL has its main campus in the Bloomsbury area of central Londonwith a number of institutes and teaching hospitals elsewhere in central London and satellite campuses in Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park in Stratfordeast London London full sex in Doha, Qatar. UCL is organised into 11 constituent facultieswithin which there are over departments, institutes and research centres. UCL operates several culturally significant museums and manages collections in a wide range of fields, including the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology and the Grant Museum of Zoology and Comparative Anatomyand administers the annual Orwell Prize in political writing.
UCL academics discovered five of the naturally occurring noble gasesdiscovered hormonesinvented the vacuum tubeand made several foundational advances in modern statistics. As of33 Nobel Prize winners and 3 Fields medalists have been affiliated with UCL as alumni, faculty or researchers.
Despite the commonly held belief that London full sex philosopher Jeremy Bentham was the founder of UCL, his direct involvement was limited to the purchase of share No. In he did nominate a friend to sit on the council, and in attempted to have his disciple John London full sex appointed as the first professor of English or History, but on both occasions his candidates were unsuccessful.
However, Bentham is today commonly regarded as the "spiritual father" of UCL, as his radical ideas on education and society were the inspiration to the institution's founders, particularly the Scotsmen James Mill — London full sex Henry Brougham — Inthe Chair of Political Economy at London University was created, with John Ramsay McCulloch as the first incumbent, establishing one of the first departments of economics in England.
InUniversity College Hospital originally North London Hospital opened as a teaching hospital for the university's medical school. InLondon University was incorporated by royal charter under the name University College, London.
On the same day, the University of London was created by royal charter as a degree-awarding examining board for students from affiliated schools and colleges, with London full sex College and King's College, London being named in the charter as the first two affiliates. Inthe University of London gained a supplemental charter making it the first British university to be allowed to award degrees to women.
The same year, UCL admitted women to the faculties of Arts and Law and of Science, although women remained barred from the faculties of Engineering and of Medicine with the exception of courses on public health and hygiene. Inthe University of London was reconstituted as a federal university with new statutes drawn up under the University of London Act While most of the constituent institutions retained their London full sex, UCL was merged into the University in under the University College London Transfer Act and lost its legal independence.
The first incumbent was Carey Fosterwho served as Principal as the post was originally titled from to He was succeeded by Gregory Foster no relationand in the title was changed to Provost to avoid confusion with the Principal of London full sex University of London. Gregory Foster remained in post until The Mullard Space Science Laboratory was established in Although UCL was among the first universities to admit women on the same London full sex as men, inthe college's senior common room, the Housman Room, remained men-only until After two unsuccessful attempts, a motion was passed that ended segregation by sex at UCL.
Ina new charter restored UCL's legal independence, although still without the power to award its own degrees. This name abandoned the comma used in its earlier name of "University College, London". Ina reorganisation of the University of London meant that UCL and other colleges gained direct London full sex to government funding and the right to confer University of London degrees themselves.
This led to UCL being regarded as a de facto university in its own right. The UCL Jill Dando Institute of Crime Sciencethe first university department in the world devoted specifically to reducing crime, was founded in Sincewhen UCL Professor David Latchman became Master of the neighbouring Birkbeckhe has forged closer relations between these two University of London colleges, and personally maintains departments at both.
In AugustUCL received criticism for advertising an unpaid research position; it subsequently withdrew the advert. UCL and the Institute of Education formed a strategic alliance in Octoberincluding co-operation in teaching, research and the development London full sex the London schools system.
In Septembera new Department of Science, Technology, Engineering and Public Policy STEaPP was established within the Faculty of Engineering, one of several initiatives within the university to increase and reflect upon the links between research London full sex public sector decision-making.
In Augustthe Department of Management Science and Innovation was renamed as the School of Management and plans were announced to greatly expand UCL's activities in the area of business-related teaching and research. In June it was reported in the Times Higher Education that as a result of administrative errors hundreds of students who studied at the UCL Eastman Dental Institute between —6 and —14 had been given the London full sex marks, leading to an unknown number of students being attributed with the wrong qualifications and, in some cases, being failed when they should have passed their degrees.
He admitted that facilities were under pressure following growth over the past decade, but said that the issues were being addressed through the development of UCL East and rental of other additional space. Rockefeller after support from the Rockefeller Foundation in the s. The mainline railway stations at EustonKing's Cross and St Pancras are all within walking distance. In it was announced that UCL would be building an additional campus at the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Parkreferred to as UCL East, as part of the development of the so-called Olympicopolis site at the southern edge of the park.
It was revealed in June that the UCL East expansion could see the university grow to 60, students. The proposed rate of growth was reported to be causing concern, with calls London full sex it to be slowed down to ensure the university could meet financial stability targets.
Construction of the first phase of buildings is as of March expected to begin in with the first building Pool Street West expected London full sex be completed for the start of the academic year and the second building Marshgate 1 opening in phases from September Although UCL is a constituent college of the federal University of London, in most ways it is comparable with free-standing, self-governing and independently funded universities, and it awards its own degrees.
UCL's governing body is the Council, which oversees the management and administration of UCL and the conduct of its affairs, subject to the advice of the Academic Board on matters of academic policy, and approves UCL's long-term London full sex. The Council normally meets six times each year.
The Chair is appointed by Council for a term not normally exceeding five years. Vice-Provosts are appointed by the Provost, through the Council, to assist and advise the Provost as required.
The Deans' principal duties include advising the Provost and Vice-Provosts on academic strategy, staffing matters and resources for academic departments within their faculty; overseeing curricula and programme management at faculty level; liaising with Faculty Tutors on undergraduate admissions and student academic matters; overseeing examination matters at faculty level; and co-ordinating faculty views on matters relating to education and information support.
UCL's research and teaching is organised within a network of faculties and academic departments. UCL is a comprehensive university London full sex teaching and research across the full range of the arts, humanities, social sciences, physical, biological and medical sciences, engineering and the built environment, although it does not currently have a veterinary, music, drama or nursing school. To facilitate greater interdisciplinary interaction in research and teaching UCL also has three strategic faculty groupings:.
The UCL academic year is divided into three terms. Whereas most universities primarily use their logo on mundane documents but their coat of arms on official documents such as degree certificates, UCL exclusively uses its logo. The present logo was adopted as part of London full sex rebranding exercise in August UCL formerly made some use of a pseudo-heraldic "coat of arms" London full sex a raised bent arm London full sex in armour holding a green upturned open wreath.
They are no longer formally used by the college, although they are still occasionally seen in unofficial contexts, or used in modified form by sports teams and societies. The blazon of the arms might be rendered as: Purpure, on a wreath of the colours Argent and Blue Celeste, an arm in armour embowed Argent holding an upturned wreath of laurel Vert, beneath which two branches of laurel Or crossed at the nombril and bound with a bowed cord Or, beneath the nombril a motto of Blue Celeste upon which Cuncti adsint meritaeque expectent praemia palmae.
The motto is a quotation from Virgil 's Aeneidand translates into English as "Let all come who by merit deserve the most reward". UCL's traditional sporting and academic colours of purple and light blue are derived from the arms. From its foundation the college was deliberately secular; the initial justification for this was that it would enable students of different Christian traditions specifically Roman CatholicsAnglicans London full sex Protestants to study alongside each other without conflict.
UCL has retained this strict secular position and, unlike most other UK universities, has no specific religious prayer rooms.
There has, however, been a Christian chaplaincy since and there is no restriction on religious groups among students. A "quiet contemplation room" London full sex allows prayer for staff and students of all faiths. UCL is a constituent college of the federal University of London, of which it was one of the two founding members in the other being King's College London.
UCL is a founding member of the Russell London full sexan association of 24 British research universities established in and of the G5 lobbying group, which it established in early with the universities of Cambridge and Oxford, Imperial College London and the London School of Economics. It is currently one of five British members the others being the universities of Cambridge, Edinburgh and Oxford and Imperial College London.
The school opened in September and was the first in the UK to have a university as sole sponsor.